SYNTap® Test FAQs
Explore the SYNTap Test FAQs. This breakthrough biomarker test aids physicians in the diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and Lewy Body Dementia (LBD). This test also helps doctors rule out Synucleinopathy in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD).
What’s the SYNTap Biomarker Test?
The SYNTap Test is a qualitative test. It can be used to rule in or rule out synuclein pathology. The test amplifies misfolded α-synuclein aggregates and can detect even minute levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Detection of misfolded α-synuclein in CSF is consistent with the presence of active synucleinopathies such as Parkinson’s Disease (PD) or Lewy Body Dementia (LBD). Synucleinopathies can also be present as an underlying pathology that complicates the effective management of other diseases, including Alzheimer’s.
Who performs the SYNTap Test?
The SYNTap Test is performed exclusively at Amprion’s CLIA-registered laboratory in San Diego.
Who should take the SYNTap Test?
The SYNTap Test is a clinical biomarker test and must be ordered by a physician. Along with other clinical and diagnostic findings, doctors can use our test results to help guide patient care and management.
Amprion’s test benefits patients exhibiting signs and symptoms of a potential synucleinopathy such as:
- Parkinson’s Disease (PD or atypical Parkinson’s)
- Lewy Body Dementia (or Dementia with Lewy Bodies, LBD)
- Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)
- Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)
- Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)
Or, as we like to call the above – the ParkinZheimer spectrum diseases.
In blinded research studies, the SYNTap Test has been shown to:
- Detect aggregates of misfolded α-synuclein years before symptoms of synucleinopathy appear.
- Detect aggregates in patients diagnosed with other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, who may not show signs of Lewy body disease.
We are in the process of submitting these results to peer-review journals and will post them upon acceptance.
Does SYNTap Test work differently for patients with PD or LBD?
SYNTap Test detects misfolded synuclein in CSF. Misfolded synuclein can cause both LBD cognitive disorders and Parkinson’s movement disorders.
Patients with movement disorders only who test positive are likely diagnosed by their physician with Parkinson’s Disease.
Patients with cognitive symptoms (memory loss or hallucinations) who test positive are likely diagnosed by their physician with LBD.
Where is SYNTap Test available?
The test is currently available in the US, except Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. We are working hard to complete the rollout in these states as soon as possible.
FDA Breakthrough Device Designation
The US FDA awarded Amprion SYNTap Test a Breakthrough Device Designation for detecting misfolded α-synuclein aggregates in patients undergoing evaluation for Parkinson’s Disease (PD). Amprion is in the process of seeking FDA approval for the SYNTap Biomarker Test.
This FDA designation is given to medical devices with the following qualifications:
- Provide effective diagnosis of life-threatening or irreversibly debilitating human diseases or conditions.
- Offer a service when no approved or cleared alternatives to exist.
- Represent significant advantages over approved alternatives, and/or its availability is in the best interest of the patients.
How the SYNTap Test works
The SYNTap Biomarker Test is performed using Amprion’s proprietary Prion Detection Science℠, called Seed Amplification Assay (SAA). It mimics the biological process by which proteins misfold and aggregate.
- If aggregates are formed in the reaction, they are detected using an amyloid-specific fluorescence binding probe.
- If the sample has no endogenous aggregates, amplification does not occur, and fluorescence remains below the detection cutoff.
The accuracy of the SYNTap Test was evaluated against CSF samples from patients with a clinical diagnosis of PD or LBD and control patients with no known neurological disease.
Research studies show misdiagnosis of PD and LBD occurs over 20% of the time. The SYNTap Test has proven to confirm patients with synucleinopathy and rule out those who do not currently have the underlying pathology. Thus, the SYNTap Biomarker Test provides physicians a valuable tool empowering accurate diagnosis.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2018 Apr;89(4):358-366. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2017-316844. Epub 2017 Oct 13. Accuracy of clinical diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Neurology. 2016 Feb 9;86(6):566-76. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000002350. Epub 2016 Jan 13. Accuracy of clinical diagnosis of Parkinson disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Amprion will provide the SYNTap Test lab result report to the prescribing healthcare provider within 15 business days of receiving samples.
Healthcare providers can select the preferred report shipment method on the test order form. Options include:
- Secure FAX
- Encrypted email, or
- US mail
Does a “Not Detected” test result mean my patient will not develop a synucleinopathy in the future?
A “Not Detected” SYNTap Test result does not mean that a patient will not develop a synucleinopathy in the future.
A patient’s disease may change or evolve; if you continue to suspect a synucleinopathy in the patient, you can re-order a test. We suggest waiting for at least 12-months.
What if the SYNTap Test is negative, and yet my patient shows symptoms?
First off, many brain diseases share similar symptoms with Parkinson’s or Lewy Body Dementia. A negative SYNTap Test rules out misfolded Synuclein as the cause, eliminating the likelihood of PD or LBD. As a result, physicians can focus on identifying other causes and prescribing proper treatments to effectively manage these symptoms.
Amprion has determined the SYNTap Test detection limit to be ~44 femtograms/mL, using alpha-synuclein aggregates as a proxy.
Do any substances interfere with the SYNTap Test?
No interference was seen when conjugated bilirubin, hemoglobin, albumin, and whole blood were spiked into CSF at levels much higher than would be expected in normal practice.
The interference of specific medications has not been formally evaluated. However, no evidence of interference has been seen in research studies using CSF samples collected from healthy donors or patients taking various prescription and over-the-counter medications.
How to order the SYNTap Test?
Fill out the Doctor’s Registration Form. A member of our team will contact you.
What are the sample requirements?
Your office (or affiliated institution) will collect blood-free CSF according to standard institutional practices.
Amprion requires a 1 mL CSF sample with an acceptable minimum volume of 0.5 mL.
The submitted sample can be from any fraction (e.g., beginning, middle, or end of the draw) or tube of a blood-free CSF draw.
You may use your sample tube or ones provided by Amprion. Screw-top plastic cryovials or protein LoBind tubes are preferred. Sample tubes with a snap-cap may be used but should be wrapped securely to prevent leakage during shipping.
Samples can be frozen to -20°C or -80°C and shipped on dry ice or maybe held refrigerated and shipped with an ice pack.
Refrigerated samples should be shipped within 24 hours of collection.
Samples should be shipped via FedEx overnight express to arrive at Amprion’s laboratory during normal business hours Monday-Friday between 9 AM-5 PM PST.
***Please note: we do not accept samples arriving on Saturdays or Sundays.***
10355 Science Center Drive, Suite 240,
San Diego, CA 92121
Telephone: 1‑858-461-6338 (M-F 9AM – 5 PM PST)
How will I receive the lab results?
Amprion will provide you with a lab report within 15 business days of receiving a CSF sample.
Please indicate on the Test Requisition Form your preferred method of receiving the lab test result:
- Secure FAX
- Encrypted email, or
- US mail
Billing and Reporting
Does insurance cover the SYNTap Test?
Currently, Amprion offers this test on a self-pay basis. However, we are working diligently to establish reimbursement from private insurance providers, Medicare, or Medicaid.
How do patients pay for the test?
Your patient will receive a bill in the mail after Amprion sends you the lab report. We accept credit cards, personal checks, and money orders.
Patients can make a payment via regular mail, by credit card using our automated system at 1-800-877-9236 or by calling the office number below, or online at PayPBO.com.
Patient Billing Office:
Telephone: 1-800-878-7561 (M-F 7AM – 5PM MST)
What if my patient cannot afford the test?
Please contact our Patient Billing Office for details about payment options and/or eligible financial assistance programs.
Is ABN required for Medicare patients?
For Medicare patients, an Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN) is required. Please include the patient-signed ABN Form, with the requisition and CSF sample shipment to Amprion’s lab.